Everything you need to know about gemstones
The Sapphire is a stone that is available in every color except red. Sapphires in other colors we often call Fancy sapphires. The color blue is the most common color. Sapphire is also the birthstone for the month of September and belongs to the constellations Taurus and Virgo. Sapphire is also called the color of the sky. The stone is found among others in Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Australia, Thailand, Tanzania and America. With a blue sapphire the high intensity of blue is the most important factor. This intensity has a big impact on the price of the stone and jewelry. By means of heat the Sapphire can be heated and treated, thereby the color becomes more intense, and often impurities disappear from the stone.
Just like the sapphire the ruby belongs to the corundum family but is only available in the color red. The most beautiful color of a ruby is also called red blood pigeons. The name Ruby is often used to refer to the stone and is derived from the Latin word "ruber" meaning red. Ruby is one of the most expensive gemstones in the world and is the birthstone for the month of July.
The ruby and the sapphire are hardest gemstones after the diamond and has a hardness of 9 on the Mohs scale. Ruby is found in Thailand, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Australia and America.
In India, the ruby is also called the King of Gemstones. Traditionally, they believe that a ruby provides protection against accidents and a poor health hence many royal jewelry are covered with rubies.
With its intense color the Emerald is one of the most fascinating gemstone. The green color is one of the most beautiful that occurs in nature. The name emerald comes from the Greek name Smaragdos which literally means green stone. Emerald is the birthstone for the month of May. Due to its structure the emerald has numerous fractures which makes this stone is very difficult to place for the goldsmith. An emerald is first checked with the naked eye. When nothing is seen, the gem gets the gradation Flawless. The best Emeralds are found in Colombia, hence the most valuable Emeralds sometimes have the name Columbia Green. Besides Colombia, the stone is also found in Brazil, South Africa, Australia and America. For improving an emerald, they often use oil. Because of these oils the inclusions and fractures are filled and the emerald gets more color and intensity and less visible inclusions. Always make sure that when you clean an emerald that you do not use chemicals because they might remove the oil. You will get the best results cleaning the stone with a toothbrush and water.
In the past, the emerald was often seen as a sacred stone. One of the most famous people who wore the emerald was Cleopatra. Back then the people thought an emerald had healing powers and would bring you a lot of luck.
Amethyst has a beautiful purple color and brilliance. The Amethyst name comes from the Greek word "amethystos" which means the same as not drunk. In the past they thought that wearing Amethyst would prevent you from getting drunk. Amethyst is the birthstone for the month February and is found in Brazil, Uruguay and Madagascar. An Amethyst can be treated in many ways to improve the color. It is also one of the most used stones when it comes to grinding special shapes in gemstones and has a brightness with which the most beautiful creations can be made.
An amethyst is also known as the stone of temptation. In the past people thought that the stone would help against temptation. Also, the stone would help ward off ghosts and would inspire to new thoughts
This stone is usually found in its lemon yellow color. The most valuable citrines, however, are the stones that tend to have a more orange color. Citrin The name comes from the citrus, because of its yellow color. Citrin is the birthstone of November and is most commonly found in Brazil, Madagascar and the Soviet Union. Previously they believed that Citrin could help you to improve your concentration, to stop transpiration and reduce lethargy.
The Peridot is known for his intense (olive) green color. This stone is perfect to combine with trendy clothes. It is the birthstone for the month of August and is found in America, Pakistan, Burma and Brazil. Many healing and magical powers are assigned to the Peridot. They used to grind the Peridot into powder and drank it as medicine. Thus, the stone should protect you against nightmares and the evil eye.
Rhodolite is the birthstone of the month January and is found in Zimbabwe, Sri Lanka and Kenya. Iin general Rhodolite is untreated because the stone is naturally quite clean and has a beautiful color.
In the old days, the rhodolite was already a well-known stone, they say Noah used a lantern which was made of rhodolite for lighting his boat when navigating. Often the stones were used as a talisman, they believed that the stone gave light in the darkness and protected its carrier against evil spirits.
The beautiful earth color of this stone is becoming a trend. Especially in combination with a red-gold color, this stone gets enhanced. The Smoky Quartz is most commonly found in Brazil, Bolivia, Spain and Madagascar. Formerly the Smoky Quartz has never really been an important stone. Only in recent years the stone has become more known. Wearing a smoky quartz, according to some people brings more creativity, enjoyment of life and greater personal development.
The Aquamarine gets its name from its beautiful light blue color. The name is derived from the Latin word for sea. It is a gemstone that is found in large pieces of which a lot of nice big creations are made. Aquamarine is the birthstone for the month of March and is most commonly found in countries such as Australia, Myanmar, India, Zambia. An Aquamarine is often treated with heat to improve the color intensity. It is one of the most commonly used stones which is experimented with for new cuts.
Probably because of its name and color it has always been a protective stone for people who work at sea. Also, the gemstone would increase the happiness of married people.
A Black Diamond has a mysterious appearance and its deep black color fits perfectly into jewelry. Despite the dark color the stone still glistens, this is because of the polished surfaces. Wearing a black diamond has become an increasing trend in the last couple of years. Along with the white diamond, the black diamond is the birthstone of the month of April.
The best known color of the Topaz is light blue. What many people do not know is that the Topaz is also available in many other colors. This gemstone is found among others in Brazil, Australia, China, USA and Sri Lanka. In the past they thought that the stone could make you stronger and that you would get more confident.